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Sex, repression and lies make ‘Measure for Measure’ timeless



Date Published: 23-Jan-2013

Galway based Theatrecorp Company, which has a reputation of performing classic plays from England and mainland Europe, will stage Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure in the Black Box Theatre from Tuesday next, January 29 to Saturday, February 2.

Measure for Measure was first performed in the early 1600s, but continues to have resonance for contemporary audiences, especially in Ireland, says its director Max Hafler.

“I love it, because it’s a morally ambiguous play and that makes it very modern. It’s also about injustice and corruption – how somebody can be maligned and abused and how the perpetrators can get away with it.”

In Measure for Measure, the Duke of Vienna announces his decision to leave his city for a while, and appoints his deputy, Angelo, to govern instead. The Duke, however, disguises himself as a friar and stays in Vienna, intending to investigate moral decay in the city.

As interim ruler, the moralistic Angelo revives an old law, which forbids sex outside marriage. The penalty for breaking this law is death. Under these regulations, Claudio, a young man who has had pre-marital sex with his fiancée, is sentenced to die.

Claudio’s sister Isabella, a novice nun, pleads with Angelo for her brother’s life. Angelo attempts to blackmail Isabella into his bed, but she refuses although that will mean certain death for Claudio. The Duke, in disguise overhears Angelo and intervenes. This results in Angelo ending up in the bed of Mariana, a woman he has betrayed in the past.

Having had sex with the woman he believes to be Isabella, Angelo betrays her by refusing to pardon her brother but his plans are ultimately foiled by the Duke.

In this play, Vienna is a sharply divided society of pristine courts, brothels and prisons, where the rich and powerful can disguise their mistakes while others must pay for them.

Measure for Measure is about Angelo’s corruption, but the Duke isn’t exactly in the clear either, Max feels – at least not for a modern audience – as he set up a whole situation in order to ‘correct’ the society he runs.

“The Duke and Angelo want to decide how everybody else will live but they don’t live by those precepts,” observes Max. “And if you live in a repressed society, the muck is going to come out.”

“It’s about morality as a form of control,” says Sarah O’Toole, who plays Isabella in this production.

Galway-born Sarah previously played Isabella in a college production of Measure for Measure while she was studying to become a theatre director in the UK.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Galway in Days Gone By

The way we were – Protecting archives of our past



A photo of Galway city centre from the county council's archives

People’s living conditions less than 100 years ago were frightening. We have come a long way. We talk about water charges today, but back then the local District Councils were erecting pumps for local communities and the lovely town of Mountbellew, according to Council minutes, had open sewers,” says Galway County Council archivist Patria McWalter.

Patria believes we “need to take pride in our history, and we should take the same pride in our historical records as we do in our built heritage”. When you see the wealth of material in her care, this belief makes sense.

She is in charge of caring for the rich collection of administrative records owned by Galway County Council and says “these records are as much part of our history as the Rock of Cashel is. They document our lives and our ancestors’ lives. And nobody can plan for the future unless you learn from the past, what worked and what didn’t”.

Archivists and librarians are often unfairly regarded as being dry, academic types, but that’s certainly not true of Patria. Her enthusiasm is infectious as she turns the pages of several minute books from Galway’s Rural District Councils, all of them at least 100 years old.

Part of her role involved cataloguing all the records of the Councils – Ballinasloe, Clifden, Galway, Gort, Loughrea, Mountbellew, Portumna and Tuam. These records mostly consisted of minutes of various meetings.

When she was cataloguing them she realised their worth to local historians and researchers, so she decided to compile a guide to their content. The result is For the Record: The Archives of Galway’s Rural District Councils, which will be a valuable asset to anybody with an interest in history.

Many representatives on these Councils were local personalities and several were arrested during the political upheaval of the era, she explains.

And, ushering in a new era in history, women were allowed to sit on these Rural District Councils – at the time they were not allowed to sit on County Councils.

All of this information is included in Patria’s introductory essay to the attractively produced A4 size guide, which gives a glimpse into how these Rural Councils operated and the way political thinking changed in Ireland during a short 26-year period. In the early 1900s, these Councils supported Home Rule, but by 1920, they were calling for full independence and refusing to recognise the British administration.

“I love the tone,” says Patria of the minutes from meetings. “The language was very emotive.”

That was certainly true of the Gort Rural District Council. At a meeting in 1907, following riots in Dublin at the premiere of JM Synge’s play, The Playboy of the Western World the councillors’ response was vehement. They recorded their decision to “protest most emphatically against the libellous comedy, The Playboy of the Western World, that was belched forth during the past week in the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, under the fostering care of Lady Gregory and Mr Yeats. We congratulate the good people of Dublin in howling down the gross buffoonery and immoral suggestions that are scattered throughout this scandalous performance.


For more from the archives see this week’s Tribunes here

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Archive News

Real Galway flavour to intermediate club hurling battle in Birr



Date Published: 23-Jan-2013


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Athenry fail to take chances as they bow out of Junior Cup



Date Published: 29-Jan-2013

Athenry FC 1

Kilbarrack United 2

(After extra time)

For the second year in succession Athenry were done in extra time in the FAI Junior Cup as last season’s beaten finalist’s came from behind to snatch an excellent game in Moanbawn on Sunday afternoon.

On a heavy pitch that was only playable following extensive groundwork by club officials all morning, the home side were by far the better side in the opening half, but failed to take advantage of a number of opportunities that came their way.

An Alan O’Donovan penalty gave them a merited advantage just after the restart, but thereafter were on the back foot as Kilbarrack took over, but for all their pressing, the home rearguard were dealing comfortably with their forays.

However they were struck a body blow just six minutes from time, as big striker Keith Kirwan was left all alone at the far post to head the equaliser and from that point on the Dubliners were the better side.

They started off the extra time in the ascendancy and enjoying all the momentum before striking for a good winning goal on 104 minutes. A strong bench allowed them to make some necessary changes and it was not a facility that was available to Athenry manager Gabriel Glavin.

With Gary Forde and Gary Delaney out through suspension following their sending off against OLBC in the previous round, and Seamie Crowe injured, it left their bench rather threadbare with just a number of young squad players available.

Playing with the aid of the slight incline and any wind advantage going, the home side had a Connor Cannon effort on target in the opening minute, while John Meleady was just over with a flick at the other end.

Meleady then tested Andrew Walsh who saved comfortably, before the goalkeeper pulled off a brilliant double save on 14 minutes.

Firstly he went full length to push away a Meleady shot and was then back on his feet to parry David Jackson’s close-range rebound.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Sentinel.

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