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Provenance of our politicians proves how much we need to widen the net

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World of Politics with Harry McGee – harrymcgee@gmail.com

I  was in Kilkenny over the weekend taking part in a debate on political reform as part of its excellent arts festival. My fellow participants were Green Party leader Eamon Ryan, Fianna Fáil grandee Mary O’Rourke and Sarah O’Neill, who runs the dailwatch.ie website.

Given that it was an arts festival and there were far more exciting things to see and hear, I though only a smattering of people would come in to listen to us share our wisdom and insight or lack of it. Surprise, surprise, there was a fair crowd there and a very lively and engaged debate it turned out to be.

I have droned on to the point of terminal boredom in this column about political reform, the need for it, and the lack of real appetite for it by governments who realise it leads to a diminishment of their power and influence – that’s why the loss of the Seanad, a peripheral and marginalised institution, is palatable to this Coalition because it does not attack the core.

But the most interesting question asked by a member of the audience was a simple one for which there is no simple question – how do you get into politics in the first place?

If you look at the composition of the Dail you will see that its 166 TDs are not really representative of wider society. The first obvious imbalance is the paucity of female Deputies.

There are 25 women in the Dail, which is about a seventh of the total assembly. Even though that seems to be pathetic, it is actually the highest ever female representation in parliament. The pendulum is swinging towards more equal representation of the sexes but it is happening much too slowly.

There are two other factors that are immediately obvious. The first is the high number of teachers and lawyers relative to the population as a whole and the underrepresentation of people representing the large blue collar section of society.

The second is that Ireland has a high proportion of hereditary TDs compared to other countries (though you find them in virtually all places).

With the collapse of Fianna Fáil in 2011 that number has halved but it’s still significant, 15 TDs elected to the current Dail (Brian Lenihan has since passed away but Helen McEntee, who won the Meath East by-election filled the vacancy left by the death of her father Shane).

Of the professions, teachers dominate. For example, the two Ministers in the key economic areas are teachers; one a former primary teacher (Brendan Howlin); the other a former English teacher (Michael Noonan) who was a specialist on Shakespeare.

In all there are 33 teachers, almost a fifth of all members. The next highest category is business (25) followed by farmers (14); industry and employees (12) lawyers (11) accountants (8); clerical workers (3); doctors (3); engineering science (3); publicans (3); trade union officials (3); voluntary sector (3); one architect (Ruairi Quinn) and one journalist (Shane Ross).

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune

Best laid plans and programmes can fall foul of political reality

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Debate snub...Sinn Féin leader Mary Lou McDonald.

World of Politics with Harry McGee

If architects’ plans were like the Programme of Government,

  1. the country would be full of unfinished buildings
  2. that would look nothing like the plans.

Prospective governments spend weeks – and sleepless nights – working out the programme that will be the blueprint for their term of office.

Some even produce a glossy self-congratulatory report each year, showing how many of its targets have been achieved.

Two things need to be said about that:

  1. They are subjective.
  2. Nobody outside the bubble pays any attention to them.

Some set out ambitious targets for the first 100 days of government. That idea has been around since the 1930s and is designed to show a signal of intent, that the new Government is going to put its money where its mouth is.

More often than not the new regime learns to its cost that it has bitten off more than it can chew. Achieving something in the world of politics within 100 days is like reading Tolstoy’s War and Peace during a lunch break.

  1. Not exactly impossible
  2. But not exactly possible

And do governments learn from these mistakes? Do they realise that it is a bit of a ridiculous concept?

  1. No
  2. No

There is a political problem here. You might achieve the big things in politics, you might get a wobbly economy back on to an even keel, you might create a historic record for employment, you might push through the six referendums you promised to liberalise society.

But it’s a bit like the guy who earns a reputation for not buying a round. No matter if he has devoted his life to the service of others, and has sacrificed everything for the personal good.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Connacht Tribune

Politics and law have been entwined through the ages

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Seamus Woulfe...at the centre of latest storm.

World of Politics with Harry McGee – harrymcgee@gmail.com

I remember when I was a kid there was an Irish rugby tour to apartheid South Africa which caused a huge furore, including a (if I remember correctly) a shouty row on The Late Late Show. One of the arguments used by those favouring the tour was: “Sports and politics should not mix.”

It went down well as a sound bite but was a nonsense; the reality is that politics mixes with everything, including sports. Nothing occurs in a vacuum.

Politicians make decisions over how sport is funded, how it is governed and regulated (look at the recent row over John Delaney’s tenure), and sometimes when it can be played.

All sports organisations have their own internal politics which can be more vicious than the stuff that goes on in Leinster House. And political parties have long ago discovered the benefits of putting a high profile former sportsperson up as a candidate.

Which brings us onto the bigger issue: the separation of powers in the State. Our Constitution draws out a relationship between the three arms of State – the Executive (government), Judiciary and Parliament (the Oireachtas). The impression that has been handed down to us is they are three goldfish in different bowls, all swimming, but in different waters.

It just doesn’t work out like that in real life. For one, for most of the history of the State, parliament has essentially been a chattel of government, with no real separate powers of its own.

In recent years, with less stable majorities for government than in the past, that relationship has changed – but parliament is still very much subservient to central Government.

It’s not just lip service when it comes to relationships with the legal establishment. There is an effort to assert that they operate in separate spheres but real life often intrudes – it’s more or less impossible to maintain the divide, unless you do it artificially.

For one, it is politicians who appoint judges, not other judges. Now, of course, judges have a say in it. There is the Judicial Appointments Advisory Board (JAAB) which assesses the merits of lawyers who are not yet judges.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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Connacht Tribune

Biden brings normality back to world’s most powerful office

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US President-elect Joe Biden celebrates his victory with his wife Jill and his Vice-President-elect Kamala Harris.

World of Politics with Harry McGee – harrymcgee@gmail.com

I did not want to make the same mistake I made four years ago. Then I stayed up until about 1.30am and it looked like it was going okay for Hillary Clinton in Florida. So I said to myself, that big buffoon is done for. When I woke up the next morning Donald Trump was the President of the United States. He had somehow managed to win Florida and dismantled the Blue Wall of Democrat States in the Mid-West by taking Pennsylvania, Michigan, Ohio and Wisconsin.

This time I stayed up until 4.30 in the morning. And that was a mistake too. For the picture was as unclear then as it was 12 hours later.

It was too close to call but already commentators were talking of a red mirage; most on-the-day voters plumped for Trump but early voters – whose votes were counted last – had steered very sharply towards Joe Biden.

It was historic. It’s really hard to knock out an incumbent president seeking a second term. It had been done only eight times before that in two and a half centuries.

Was it his inept handling of Covid-19? Had people grown sick of his vanity and his self-serving boasts? Did this natural disruption just cause too much turmoil and uncertainty in people’s lives? Did his partisan views, that red-mist madness, repel more than it attracted?

Well, the evidence is in the poll. The answer to all those questions is yes. To me, the outcome was clear. Biden won the popular votes. He also won the electoral colleges.

The majority was small and reflects a very divided society. Trump is the champion of rural, less educated, blue collar white, conservative, Hispanic and white America. Biden is popular among the middle classes, the urbanites, the better educated, and black voters.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app

The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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