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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Time Gone By – A browse through the archives of the Connacht Tribune.

Enda Cunningham

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on

1913

Strike settled
We are pleased to announce that, after a struggle lasting over a month, the strike of labourers in Galway has been settled. On Wednesday evening, Mr. N.S. Reyntins, Chief Industrial Commissioners’ Dept, Gwydyr House, Whitehall, S.W. arrived in Galway from Sligo to try to effect a settlement.

He interviewed the Employers’ Federation during the afternoon and saw the Committee of Labourers’ Union at night. As a result the Employers offered terms to the Union, which include the following:
The builders and general labourers to receive 16s per week instead of 15s, as hitherto; dock labourers to receive 5s and 6s per day according to the class of work. A rise of 6d per day has been conceded, and an increase of 1d per hour for overtime to dock labourers. Casual workers at the dock and stores, 4s per day, being a rise of 6d.

Casual labourers, for builders and contractors, 3s 6d per day. Half holiday at 2 o’clock on Saturday for builders’ labourers only; 3 o’clock for the merchants’ labourers. These rules to be in operation up to and including the 31st December, 1914.

Seaweed rights
In the Commons, Mr. O’Malley asked the President of the Board of Trade whether, in view of the fact that the seaweed on the shore below high-water mark belongs to the Crown, landlords owning property along the Connemara shore can enforce a rent for such seaweed; whether certain landlords on Connemara are now, and have been for many years, charging a rent upon such seaweed; and will he take steps to assert the rights of the Crown in these cases in the interests of the poor tenants?

Mr. Robertson: This depends upon the ownership of the foreshore. This ownership is prima facie vested in the Crown and if the Hon. Member will furnish me with full particulars of any case where a rent is being charged, either for the foreshore or for the seaweed growing on it, I will have the question of title carefully considered.

1938

The first President
The selection of Dr. Douglas Hyde (An Craoíbhinn Aoibhínn), Frenchpark County Roscommon, to be first President of Éire has been acclaimed by all parties and by high dignitaries of the Church. Messages and telegrams of congratulation have been received by Dr. Hyde from all parts of the country.

Galway Corporation at their fortnightly meeting on Wednesday decided to invite Dr. Hyde to Galway to have the freedom of the city conferred on him.

Poteen traffic increasing?
Judging by the number of recent prosecutions brought in the local district courts and the seizures made by Gardai during the past fortnight, it would appear as if the poteen traffic in Connemara is on the ascendant. There were no fewer than three prosecutions for possession of malt and poteen at Derrynea district court on Tuesday, and there was also a similar prosecution at Maam district court on Wednesday. In one of the cases, the defendant pleaded that he had no other means of livelihood.

The Gardaí throughout Connemara are making a determined effort to cope with the renewed poteen traffic and extensive raiding is being carried out. On Monday last a party of Gardaí from Oughterard swam out to an island in Lough Corrib and paid a surprise visit to an illicit distillery which was about to be put into operation there. The Gardaí captured the stil and equipment, together with about £200 worth of wash.

Farmers’ unease
The continued summer-like weather is causing a certain amount of uneasiness and trouble to farmers, who in many districts have to bring cattle and sheep long distances for water. Early sown gardens in town and country are in a backward state owing to the drought, the likes of which has not been experienced for many years.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

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on

A view of Galway City captured from atop Galway Fire Station in 1979, taking in Wolfe Tone Bridge and some of Fish Market Square. The site of McDonogh's Fertilizers is now home to Jury's Hotel, while there have also been significant changes to the buidings on Quay Lane over the years.

1920

Workers for peace

English Labour, which appears to have found itself as impotent in the face of the mechanical Coalition majority at Westminster as the Irish Party found itself against Carsonism in the days of the Curragh revolt, has at last been afforded an opening towards making an effective bid for peace with Ireland.

The Irish Trades’ Congress this week accepted the British workers’ conditions of settlement, and noted that their teams, unlike those of British Ministers, leave no loopholes and are devoid of ambiguity.

Briefly, the British workers suggest that the present campaign of militarism against the Irish people should end; that a constituent Irish assembly should be elected by proportional representation, and that it should devise a constitution subject only to the safeguards of minorities and the naval and military interests of the British Empire.

It is a significant advance that democracies on each side of the Irish Sea find themselves not merely in agreement as to the methods by which peace may be brought about, but ready to translate these methods to action if the opportunity is given.

Older politicians, however, will not fail to register the initial criticism that when British parties are out of power, they are always ready to extend the hand of friendship to Ireland and to back up the gesture with promises that they cannot at the moment fulfil.

Witness to the case of Mr. Asquith who as Prime Minister in 1914 gave the lead in the doctrine that the Irish minority must continue to rule the majority and in 1920 when he is out of power, pours his anathemas upon his successors for carrying his policy to its logical outcome.

Nevertheless, we have not lost faith in a constitutional settlement. It must be obvious to all sane thinkers that sooner or later peace will have to be brought about by negotiation. The sword can never produce a settlement; only those who would recklessly ignore the lessons of history could hold with the doctrine that force can remedy a situation that has become intolerable.

There is a strong will to peace in Ireland to-day, and it is clear that the cumulative effect of the limited publicity that has been gained from present-day conditions in Ireland is having its effect upon English opinion.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

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Over 100 locals had roles as extras in the production of The Quiet Man which was filmed at locations in Galway and Mayo, including Ballyglunin and Cong.

1920

Kitchen flogging

One of the most singular cases of flogging yet recorded occurred in Tuam on Saturday night (writes our North Galway representative).

About 11 p.m. a number of men with revolvers knocked at the house of Mr. Pk. Canavan, town clerk, Foster-place, and, finding the door open, rushed into the house.

Mr. Martin Canavan and some young men lodging in the house were sitting in the dining-room, and were about to retire for the night. Mrs. Canavan and her children were in bed.

According to an eye-witness’s account of the affair, there were fourteen or fifteen men in the raiding party. Some were dressed in overcoats and soft hats, and some wore Glengarry caps.

They ordered all in the room to put up their hands, and asked if the house was Cooney’s. Mr. Canavan said Cooney’s house was next door. He and the others were then searched, and a young man named McDonnell, a draper’s assistant was asked if he was a Sinn Féiner.

He said he had nothing to do with Sinn Féin. Then he was asked, “what about your confederates,” and he said he had no confederates. Two private letters from a sister and a brother were taken from him and read, but it does not appear that there was any references in the letters to anything political.

Mr McDonnell was taken out to the kitchen, stripped, and put across a sewing machine, and flogged with leather straps and buckles for about twenty minutes.

Mrs. Canavan came down to inquire what was wrong. She and Mr. Canavan protested against the treatment of Mr. McDonnell, a young man who had no act or part in politics.

She was ordered back upstairs. Her children screamed with fright. Those in the dining-room were asked “on their honour” if they had any gun or revolvers in the house, and on their stating that they had not, they were told to sit down. On leaving, the leader of the party turned back and bade them “good night.”

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

Published

on

A grandstand view at the Galway v Clare, Church and General National Hurling League game in Athenry on Sunday, April 13, 1997. PHOTO: JOE O'SHAUGHNESSY

1920

Young mother killed

Rev. J. Considine, B.A., C.C., Gort, sent the following telegram to the Press on Tuesday:

“Married woman, twenty-three years’ old, within two months of child-birth, holding child of nine months in her arms, shot in abdomen here yesterday afternoon by armed forces. Died a few hours afterwards. Whole country, police and military stationed here, shocked.”

In a somewhat similar telegram to Mr. A. Griffith, T.D., Fr. Considine said he had telegraphed to Sir H. Greenwood.

The victim of the appalling occurrence is Mrs. Eileen Quinn, of Kiltartan, wife of popular farmer, and daughter of Mr. M. Gilligan, Raheen. She was sitting by a stile in front of her house with her baby in her arms when a lorry of uniformed men passed by at a rapid rate. Suddenly there was a burst of fire and Mrs. Quinn was hit in the right groin, and a number of fowl in the yard were killed. Mrs. Quinn staggered to the door with her baby, which she handed to a servant, and she then collapsed in a pool of blood.

Mrs. Quinn, says another report, was in great agony for two hours before she died. She leaves three children, the eldest of whom is not yet four years of age. Her husband was in Gort at the time, and a messenger, who summoned a priest and a doctor, acquainted him of the occurrence. Another messenger, going to Ardrahan for Doctor Foley, was wounded by a stray bullet.

Uniformed men passed into Gort subsequently, firing shots about the place. When the lorry passed the house where Mrs. Quinn lay dying the grief-stricken inhabitants fled the back way.

Father Considine, asked for an interview, said: “Please don’t ask me – I cannot. I feel unable to give it. It is too awful, too unhuman to contemplate.”

At first, Father Considine broke down and cried bitterly, “I have heard of Turkish atrocities,” he said. “I have read of the death of Joan of Arc, I have read of the sufferings of Nurse Cavell, and as I read those things I often felt my blood boil, and I often prayed that the good God would change the hearts of the perpetrators, but little did I then dream that I should witness a tragedy more cruel than any of those things, and out here in our own little peaceful parish. My God, it is awful.”

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app

The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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