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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

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The 1960s Galway Intermediate Hurling Team. Back row, from left, Johnny Callinan, Pat Quinn, Martin Broderick, Jim Daly, Ambrose Gordon, Joe McTigue, Kieran O’Connor, Fintan Connaire, Noel Thomas. Front row, from left, Michael Lynch, Joe Cunniffe, Mike Curtin, Mick King, Paddy Shields, Andy Furey, Jim Donohue.

1919

Unlawful assembly

A Special Court was held on Saturday at Eglinton-street barracks, Galway, before Mr. J. B. K. Hill, R.M., at which Patrick Coyne, Michael Joyce, and MI. Brown were charged with unlawful assembly at Cornamona on the 16th December, 1918. – Captain James J. Duffy, D.I. Oughterard, prosecuted, and Mr.  L. E. O’Dea, solr., Galway, defended.

Miss Ferney E. O’ Sullivan, residing with her mother in the Post Office, Cornamona, stated that on polling day, at about 8.15 on that night, she saw a crowd of 80 coming from the direction of the polling booth towards Cornamona.

When the crowd came opposite our house, she continued, Patk. Coyne, of Carrick West, who was leading, shouted: “Halt; right turn; Up Padraic! And to hell with the Redmondites.”

Pk. Lowry, Cornamona, came to our gate and shouted, to h– with the Government.”

Let him (meaning my brother, Charles) come out now, and we’ll tear him asunder, the bloody —-,”

Patk. Joyce, Cornamona, carried a lighted torch with which he attempted to set fire to some straw, my mother’s property. He also tried to set fire to a bush in our garden.

Michael Joyce, shouting wildly, called on us to come out, and he would tear us asunder, saying: “To h–  with anyone that would side with the Government.”

  1. Brown boohed and shouted into the house in a threatening manner. The crowd marched up and down by our house several times, threatening us, and a stone was thrown with great force into the house by some person in the crowd.

We were very much afraid, and my mother asked my brother Charles to fire a revolver shot in the air to frighten the crowd, and he did so.

There were afterwards more boohing and shouting, and cries that they would murder us if we came out.

Mr. O’Dea said his clients were at a disadvantage, not having time to get witnesses, as they had been arrested and brought in by motor car from Cornamona.

Mr. Hill decided to adjourn the case and the three prisoners were allowed out on bail to appear at the next court.

1944

Impossible to bake

Explanation is now forthcoming of the difficulty in home baking with the new flour to which reference has been made in this paper on several occasions. It has become, in fact, virtually impossible to bake with it.

A pot oven cake, in which the usual ingredients, including bread soda, have been used, has a queer trick of becoming smaller rather than larger in the oven, very much to the amazement of the housewife.

We have been conducting enquiries into this phenomenon and now learn from a very authoritive source that there is a marked shortage of acids in the new flour and that the use of bread soda, which is alkaline, only makes matters worse.

For the present, therefore, bread soda should not be used.

The housewife should be certain also that the milk used is fully soured and if Cream-of-Tartar or other highly acid material can be obtained, it should go far towards solving the problem.

The Research Bureau and the Department of Supplies are endeavouring to find ways and means of overcoming the problem and hope to find a solution.

Vandalism is rife

While on the one hand the preparation of plans is about to be undertaken to indicate how a “city beautiful” may emerge from the Galway of to-day, on the other, a wave of vandalism is destroying all that has been done in recent years to make the city a more pleasant place, and is depriving the people of amenities which have been provided at considerable expense to the rate-payers.

A sprit of destruction and theft of public property is rife in Galway, according to a report which has been submitted by Mr. J. S. Carroll, B.A.I., Borough Surveyor, to Mr. C. I. O’Flynn, Co. Manager.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

Published

on

Children from Peterswell after their Confirmation in May, 1974.

1920

Dairy decline

The extended report of the evidence given before the Commission appointed “to enquire into the causes of, and suggest remedies for, the decline of dairying in Ireland,” should be carefully studied.

Prior to the war, a Milk Commission took evidence at Galway and throughout Ireland and Great Britain, but the outbreak of hostilities so altered the situation that a review of the position has now become essential.

The decline of dairying is obviously due to the fact that the Department of Agriculture permitted milch cows to be exported from Ireland in considerable numbers during the last four years.

In the result, the people living in our towns were reduced to a state of semi-starvation. This condition of things was effectively countered in Galway by the successful establishment of a milk depot.

But the expedient was not sufficient to meet the clamant need. The conflict of opinion between the advocates of the milk depot system and the advocates of increasing the ordinary means of supply does not, in the least, detract from the value of a policy that meets the immediate needs of the public and of the poor, while a better way is being sought to regulate on an economic basis the normal means of supply and demand.

Clifden Castle

The judgement in the now famous Clifden Castle land case has been awaited with the most intense interest not merely by the people of Connemara but by all classes throughout the country.  Monsignor McAlpine, who had no interest in the matter save that of the poor tenants who are his parishioners, has lost.

A Chancery Judge has decided in favour of Mr. Joyce and given an injunction with costs, that he is not further to be interfered with in his possession of the Eyre Castle and estate. We may be sure that this decision will be challenged on appeal. But the one fact that emerges is that all this trouble was brought about by the culpable neglect of the Congested Districts Board in delaying for five years the rescue of the Clifden congests.

In 1913-’14 the trustees of the estate were negotiating for the sale of the Castle and lands to the Board for the express purpose of relieving congestion. In 1917 Mr. Joyce got into communication with the auctioneers, and speedily completed the purchase.

He subsequently agreed to sell to the trustees for the tenants upon receiving £20 on his bargain; but Judge Powell has determined that his agreement was made under duress, and cannot stand. Stripped of all the rhetoric that tended to cloud rather than clarify the issues, those are the undisputed facts.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

Published

on

Western House, Salthill, in the Summer of 1981. The Rockland Hotel has since been replaced by apartments and a restaurant, and the 'Big Arc' or Salthill Amusements (then with pool and snooker upstairs) redeveloped.

1920

Watered down charges

At Galway Petty Sessions on Monday, before Mr. Kilbride, R.M., Sergeant McCaffrey charged Patk Ussher, Wood-quay, Galway, with selling buttermilk containing water. Mr. George Nicolls, Solr., appeared for the defendant.

Complainant said that on November 24 he purchased buttermilk from defendant which, on being analysed, was found to contain 35 per cent. of added water, exclusive of 25 per cent. allowed for churning.

Mr. Nicolls said that the defendant only got the buttermilk from other parties in the Moycullen district, and re-sold it. He did not get any guarantee from the person he bought the milk from, but he (Mr. Nicolls) understood that the sergeant had taken a sample of buttermilk from that person, but the result of the analysis was not known yet.

Defendant sold the buttermilk exactly as he got it. He was a well-known man in the town, and held a responsible position, and everybody knew he was not the sort of man that would commit a fraud.

Complainant stated that after receiving the summons defendant came to him on an evening when the person he bought the milk from was in his house with more, and asked him (the sergeant) to go and take a sample from her. Witness did so and sent it to the analyst, but had not yet got the result.

Mr. Kilbride said that even though defendant did not tamper with the milk it could not affect the offence with which he was charged – that of selling milk with added water. By having another sample of the milk analysed would, of course, clear the defendant of any allegation of fraud.

Sergeant McCaffrey said he did not allege that the defendant tampered with the milk.

Mr. Nicolls said it would be no use questioning the analyst’s certificate, though that might be done as he saw from a report of a case in Dublin that the certificate of three different analysts varied.

Mr. Kilbride said it was too bad to have people paying dear for milk a large percentage of which was water. He fined the defendant £1 and 10s. 6d. costs.

Immodest clothing

A league of St. Brigid will be started on January 10, to give Irishwomen an opportunity of uniting in protest against inroads of foreign immodest fashions.

It is proposed that the centres for joining the League should at first be the educational convents all over Ireland. No subscriptions are required, but each member will be asked to make the following promise in Church or Oratory: “For the glory of God and the honour of Erin, I promise to avoid in my own person all impropriety in the matter of dress and to maintain and hand down the traditional and proverbial purity and modesty of Irish womanhood.”

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

Published

on

Members of the Patrician Musical Society at rehearsals for their production of Maritana in March 1965.

1919

Hope at Christmas

Looking back over the things written at Christmas for many years, one finds that the note of hope has always dominated.

Last year it seemed that a nightmare had ended, and that a new era had opened. So far as the principal combatants were concerned, an Armistice had been signed.

The ideals of President Wilson rang throughout the world. Ireland had swung in with the flowing tide: in the December elections she had almost unreservedly placed all her hopes in the Peace Conference.

A new era of social endeavour had begun. Labour was to be emancipated from wage slavery; healthy and clean living, better housing accommodation and a fuller citizenship were to be provided for the hewers of wood and the drawers of water. Women were no longer to be compelled to obey legislative enactments in the shaping of which they had no part.

To-day, we are much sadder, though perhaps a little wiser. How little has been done; how much remains!

Improved crop

During recent years the Department’s efforts have been directed towards the possibility of further improving the crop by an efficient system of seed selection. The improved seed obtained as a result of the experiments is distributed to farmers in the barley districts.

Information has been received that the Malting and Seed Barley Competitions held at the recent Brewers’ Exhibition in the Royal Agricultural Hall, Islington, London, the World’s Championship Prize for the finest bushel of malting barley of any growth from any county, or colony, exhibited in any class, was won by barley grown by Mr. Edmond Doyle, Warrington, Kilkenny, from seed supplied last spring by the Departments’ Central Plant Breeding Station at Ballinacurra.

Mr. Doyle also won the Mark Lane Champion Challenge Cup for the best sample of seed barley grown in the United Kingdom or Colonies.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app

The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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