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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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There are many more bicycles than cars on the road at Dominick Street in Galway in October 1971. Construction work on a business premises is underway at the far end of the street.

1915

Boys’ jail threat

At the City Petty Sessions, Thomas Dean, Henry-street West, Galway summoned two boys named Bartly Naughton and Dan Reilly of the same street for injury to his door to the amount of 10s.

Complainant deposited that he had warned Naughton’s mother previously to take her hens out of his garden. On the night of the 8th inst., shortly after he went to bed, the stoning of his door started, and was kept up for some time.

When witness looked out he saw about ten boys, of whom the defenders were the ring leaders, opposite the house behind the wall, firing the stones. There was a barrow-full of stones in front of the door.

Sergt. Golden said youngsters did a lot of mischief in that locality, and ran away when the police came on the scene.

Michael Naughton, father of one of the defendants, deposed that the two defendants were in his house that night at the time he (witness) heard the stone throwing going on.

Complainant: Are you aware the boys have a house there for gambling and every rascality. Defendant replied that some boys had a room there as a club.

Chairman: We think the old man has identified these boys sufficiently, and they will be fined 5s. Each, and 5s. Compensation and costs. The Chairman added that to his own knowledge, the conduct of the boys in Henry-street was exceptionally bad, as an instance of which he referred to the damage done to the urban Council cottages built there – the building which had done so much to raise the status of the town.

Such conduct was a disgrace, and if any of the boys, or others, were brought up again, they would have to go to jail.

1940

Body in suitcase

At Galway District Court before Justice Sean Mac Giollarnath, a domestic servant from Bohermore was charged with attempting to conceal the birth of her infant.

Dr. Joseph McHale, Galway No. 2 Dispensary District, deposed that on January 9 at about 8pm, in response to a telephone message, he went to Eglinton-street Garda station.

Inspector Leen was present and handed witness a suitcase. The suitcase was opened in his presence. It contained underclothing and the body of an infant. The suitcase and body were removed to the morgue at the Central Hospital.

A post mortem examination found that it was the body of a full-term female infant. There were no external marks of violence on the body. Witness formed the opinion that the child was still-born.

After hearing further evidence in camera, the Justice returned the accused for trial to Galway Circuit Court on her own bail of £20 and one surety of £10.

Protest against executions

Tuam Beet Factory workers made their protest against the executions of the two Irishmen, Peter Barnes and James McCormick, in England, by marching in formation from the factory on Saturday last and through the streets of the town. A decade of the Rosary was recited at the Square.

Diseases report

There were ten diphtheria cases and eighteen scarlet fever cases in County Galway in December, according to a report just issued by Dr. B. O’Beirne, county medical officer of health. There were three diphtheria cases in Moycullen, three in Woodford, two in Ardrahan, one in Galway and one in Mountbellew.

Eight of the scarlet fever cases were in Lettermore, four in Ballinasloe, two in Ahascragh, two in Clonbur, one in the Ballinasloe rural district and one in Kiltormer. There were altogether 33 cases of infectious diseases in the county during the month.

Protestant community

The position of the Protestant community has weakened very much in Galway. In county Galway, the number had fallen from 8,500 in 1871 to 1,800 in 1936. Galway [borough], with its population of 18,000 has only got 440 Protestants.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

 

 

 

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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At the official opening of the new tile factory in Portumna on January 13, 1967.

1921

Tenants’ desperation

That the land question is far from settled in certain areas is obvious to those who have been reading the series of articles contributed to these columns by a correspondent in South Galway. The slowness of the Congested Districts Board has been proverbial.

Our correspondent suggests that failure to effect local settlements within a reasonable time, coupled with the inefficiency he charges, have brought about a condition of discontent which may result in a violent explosion at any moment.

No one could contemplate with equanimity such an outburst, for it might have an effect far beyond that intended and might endanger national peace at a period when its preservation is of supreme moment to the Irish people.

But it would seem indisputable that the Congested Districts Board is taking risks that no public body is entitled to take; and the completion of the division of the estates involved should be pushed forward in the public interest without further unnecessary delay.

The tenants on the Ardilaun estate at Cong have already taken the matter into their own hands. At a meeting attended by congests, some of whom walked fifteen miles to be present, it was declared that all confidence had been lost in the Congested Districts Board “which has long since practically ceased to function on this estate” and the tenants requested Dáil Éireann to take over the administration.

The facts in regard to the Ardilaun property are sufficiently remarkable to afford in themselves a damnatory criticism of the Board’s methods. It contains seven hundred householders, whose average valuation is from 15s. to £3. Congestion and poverty is abound; there is little untenanted land to relieve either.

Migration of bodies of tenants is the only real and permanent remedy. But nine years after the late Lord Ardilaun expressed his desire to sell, the Congested Districts Board has not, it would appear, put forward any real effort to relieve a distressing situation.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Prizewinners at Ballinasloe Show on October 5, 1970. From left: Matthew Conneely, Kilconnell, Matthew Conneely (Junior), John Callanan, Calla, Kilconnell and Seán Conneely, Kilconnell.

1921

Grim legacy

“What did we get from the Government in the Famine?” asked the Most Rev. Dr. Duggan. And the answer was, “The Poorhouses.” They came as a legacy of these grim years, a miserable palliative instead of a radical cure.

When 1845 opened, there were 114 of them throughout Ireland, and impoverished ratepayers had to pay for their upkeep. Their erection was, indeed, in some measure, instituted as a relief work.

The famine had swept over the land, leaving us the most tragic chapters in our history. Grim, black death in a country where there was plenty, if only it had been efficiently distributed, and kept for the hapless people at home.

The Irish Poor Law was rooted in misery, and continued throughout all these years as a cumbersome degradation, designed for the encouragement of the mendicant and the wastrel, to crush the last vestige of self-respect from those whom it once caught within its toils.

With the exception of the admirable boarding-out systems instituted by some of our more humane boards – notably Galway Guardians, whose clerk took a keen personal interest in making some of his charges into good citizens – we know no instance in which the vicious Poor Laws as operated in Ireland did anything but harm.

They ground down the ratepayers; they did not serve the poor in any measure commensurate with the expenditure involved in an army of officials, an array of buildings that badged with poverty one of the finest agricultural countries in the world.

Unions amalgamated

On the motion of Dr. Walsh, Galway Co. Council at its quarterly meeting on Saturday finally adopted a scheme for “the amalgamation of the county unions” – in reality, for doing away with the unions altogether as such.

The scheme under which the Poor Laws of the country will be administered on an entirely new basis, will be as follows: One central hospital for Galway with motor ambulances; one central home for the old and infirm in Tuam or Loughrea; children to be sent to an institution for which one workhouse may be used; unmarried mothers to be divided into two classes – first offenders to be dealt with in the same institution as the children and old offenders to be sent to the Magdalen Asylum; insane and epileptics to be put in a county home at present until they can be specially dealt with.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

 

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Some of the competitors show their prize-winning cakes and bread at Mountbellew Show on September 10, 1964.

1921

Tragedy and sorrow

Last winter was one of the blackest that Ireland has experienced in her long and chequered history. Men of sincere goodwill in all parties hope that we shall never witness its like again.

It has left the inevitable aftermath of tragedy, sorrow, suffering and present distress. It is the duty of all to help soften the bitterness of tragedy and sorrow, to alleviate suffering, to obviate present or future distress.

In the performance of this duty, no prejudice, no argument, no excuse can hold back the hand of charity, for it is a duty dictated by the laws of Christianity, sanctified by the kinship of common humanity since the world began.

“The White Cross”, we are told in the report of the delegation from the American Committee on Irish Relief, “makes appeal not in the name of any section of the people, but in the name of humanity. No political distinctions exist in suffering, and none must exist in relief. The men and women who constitute the Irish White Cross think differently on many thinks; they are united by the bond of charity”.

Risky business

We have, this year, a striking example of what a risky business our store cattle and sheep trade is. Many of our small farmers and farmers’ sons who have taken grazing during the past year or two have lost not only their savings of the war years but some of their capital.

The system most likely to give stability to farming in Co. Galway is one which the grazing of store cattle and sheep must give pride of place to the production of home-grown food.

The risk of loss on tillage farming can be controlled, to some extent, by sowing a variety of crops and by the careful selection of seeds and manures. A collection of kales and cabbages for stock feeding was an interesting feature of the County Committee’s educational exhibit at Ballinasloe Show.

Many of the varieties staged are little known or cultivated in this country, which seems extraordinary when we consider their many advantages.

Thousand-headed Kale, Drumhead, Flat Dutch and Savoy cabbages could supplement, or take the place of, the turnip crop in many districts where disease is prevalent, or where the land is otherwise unsuitable for the growth of roots.

It is only by the adoption of a system of mixed farming where sufficient food is grown for the number of stock on hands that steady prices can be obtained.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

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