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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Boys pictured after their Confirmation at Galway Cathedral in 1970, with Bishop of Galway, Dr Michael Browne.

1914

Rifles for Craughwell, Galway

Upwards of eighty Volunteers of the Craughwell corps marched into Athenry on Tuesday evening to receive a consignment of sixty rifles despatched from headquarters of the National Volunteers in Dublin. The Craughwell corps, which are staunch supporters of the Irish Party, are to be congratulated on being the first corps in the county to receive such recognition by the Party.

Rain-sodden bed

Arising out of a report on the condition of the houses in Piper’s Lane and Wilson’s Lane, the Chairman of Ballinasloe Urban Council said it appeared the conditions under which the people were living in those places were very bad.

Mr. Costello said the people living in them complained of the rain coming down on their beds. In houses, consisting of one room, families of six and seven had to live together, and in some cases there was only one small window in these houses.

In reply to the Chairman, it was stated the houses belonged to Mr. John Beirne.

Mr. Costello: Wilson’s Lane and Piper’s Lane should be closed. When we were looking at these places, Mr. Hayden asked if they were stables. You would not put an ass to live in them.

Late Mrs. Killacky

Sincere regret was manifested by all classes in the City on Thursday morning when it was made known that Mrs. Killacky, wife of the popular and courteous Head-Constable, had passed away after a long illness.

Though the deceased had been ailing for nearly two years, her health did not indicate that the end was so near. The late Mrs. Killacky was a well-known figure in charity circles in the City, and her many kindly acts endeared her to those with whom she laboured for charity as well as those who benefitted by her exertions.

1939

Parish committees

Sir, Out of what hole has come that glorified mouse, or musk-rat, denominated the Parish Committee? The Parish Committee! The Village Pump! Village Pump politics! Centrepetal! Centrifugal! To grasp the Whole and to distribute the Fragments!

A red herring would be smelled by most – only a few would notice the stench of the musk-rat, say “suff” and pass on! Straining at the gnat and swallowing the camel!

The Parish Committee – the chance for galoots to belch forth their hot air! And inside this gilded pill of the Parish Committee is the Managerial System!

Oh! then, many a goodly apple’s rotten at the core!

P.R. Hanlackie, Kilkerrin

Notice to trespassers

The Governing Body of University College, Galway and Patrick Fahy, hereby give notice that (1) the use of the University playing pitches at Renmore Road (Fahy’s Field) is reserved to University teams or teams engaged in opposition; (2) permission to persons, non-University clubs and teams to use these grounds will not henceforth be granted and (3) all persons disregarding this motion will be prosecuted as trespassers.

Signed: J. Mitchell, Registrar.

Prefers jail to husband

Mary McDonagh, of no fixed abode, who pleaded guilty to breaking two panes of glass in the business house of Mr. P. Duane, Kiltullagh, was sent to prison for two months at Gurteen Court, where she told the Justice that she preferred to go to jail rather than live with her husband, with whom she had a row.

Superintendent Kelly, Athenry, who prosecuted, said accused was an old offender, having committed several similar offences from time to time up and down the country. She told Guard Reid, Bookeen, who arrested her, that she wanted to go to prison as she preferred this to living with her husband, with whom she had had a row, and wanted to get away from him.

Mr. Dunne said the damage to his window cost 33s. 6d., and the defendant’s husband had paid for the damage.

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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At the official opening of the new tile factory in Portumna on January 13, 1967.

1921

Tenants’ desperation

That the land question is far from settled in certain areas is obvious to those who have been reading the series of articles contributed to these columns by a correspondent in South Galway. The slowness of the Congested Districts Board has been proverbial.

Our correspondent suggests that failure to effect local settlements within a reasonable time, coupled with the inefficiency he charges, have brought about a condition of discontent which may result in a violent explosion at any moment.

No one could contemplate with equanimity such an outburst, for it might have an effect far beyond that intended and might endanger national peace at a period when its preservation is of supreme moment to the Irish people.

But it would seem indisputable that the Congested Districts Board is taking risks that no public body is entitled to take; and the completion of the division of the estates involved should be pushed forward in the public interest without further unnecessary delay.

The tenants on the Ardilaun estate at Cong have already taken the matter into their own hands. At a meeting attended by congests, some of whom walked fifteen miles to be present, it was declared that all confidence had been lost in the Congested Districts Board “which has long since practically ceased to function on this estate” and the tenants requested Dáil Éireann to take over the administration.

The facts in regard to the Ardilaun property are sufficiently remarkable to afford in themselves a damnatory criticism of the Board’s methods. It contains seven hundred householders, whose average valuation is from 15s. to £3. Congestion and poverty is abound; there is little untenanted land to relieve either.

Migration of bodies of tenants is the only real and permanent remedy. But nine years after the late Lord Ardilaun expressed his desire to sell, the Congested Districts Board has not, it would appear, put forward any real effort to relieve a distressing situation.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Prizewinners at Ballinasloe Show on October 5, 1970. From left: Matthew Conneely, Kilconnell, Matthew Conneely (Junior), John Callanan, Calla, Kilconnell and Seán Conneely, Kilconnell.

1921

Grim legacy

“What did we get from the Government in the Famine?” asked the Most Rev. Dr. Duggan. And the answer was, “The Poorhouses.” They came as a legacy of these grim years, a miserable palliative instead of a radical cure.

When 1845 opened, there were 114 of them throughout Ireland, and impoverished ratepayers had to pay for their upkeep. Their erection was, indeed, in some measure, instituted as a relief work.

The famine had swept over the land, leaving us the most tragic chapters in our history. Grim, black death in a country where there was plenty, if only it had been efficiently distributed, and kept for the hapless people at home.

The Irish Poor Law was rooted in misery, and continued throughout all these years as a cumbersome degradation, designed for the encouragement of the mendicant and the wastrel, to crush the last vestige of self-respect from those whom it once caught within its toils.

With the exception of the admirable boarding-out systems instituted by some of our more humane boards – notably Galway Guardians, whose clerk took a keen personal interest in making some of his charges into good citizens – we know no instance in which the vicious Poor Laws as operated in Ireland did anything but harm.

They ground down the ratepayers; they did not serve the poor in any measure commensurate with the expenditure involved in an army of officials, an array of buildings that badged with poverty one of the finest agricultural countries in the world.

Unions amalgamated

On the motion of Dr. Walsh, Galway Co. Council at its quarterly meeting on Saturday finally adopted a scheme for “the amalgamation of the county unions” – in reality, for doing away with the unions altogether as such.

The scheme under which the Poor Laws of the country will be administered on an entirely new basis, will be as follows: One central hospital for Galway with motor ambulances; one central home for the old and infirm in Tuam or Loughrea; children to be sent to an institution for which one workhouse may be used; unmarried mothers to be divided into two classes – first offenders to be dealt with in the same institution as the children and old offenders to be sent to the Magdalen Asylum; insane and epileptics to be put in a county home at present until they can be specially dealt with.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

 

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Some of the competitors show their prize-winning cakes and bread at Mountbellew Show on September 10, 1964.

1921

Tragedy and sorrow

Last winter was one of the blackest that Ireland has experienced in her long and chequered history. Men of sincere goodwill in all parties hope that we shall never witness its like again.

It has left the inevitable aftermath of tragedy, sorrow, suffering and present distress. It is the duty of all to help soften the bitterness of tragedy and sorrow, to alleviate suffering, to obviate present or future distress.

In the performance of this duty, no prejudice, no argument, no excuse can hold back the hand of charity, for it is a duty dictated by the laws of Christianity, sanctified by the kinship of common humanity since the world began.

“The White Cross”, we are told in the report of the delegation from the American Committee on Irish Relief, “makes appeal not in the name of any section of the people, but in the name of humanity. No political distinctions exist in suffering, and none must exist in relief. The men and women who constitute the Irish White Cross think differently on many thinks; they are united by the bond of charity”.

Risky business

We have, this year, a striking example of what a risky business our store cattle and sheep trade is. Many of our small farmers and farmers’ sons who have taken grazing during the past year or two have lost not only their savings of the war years but some of their capital.

The system most likely to give stability to farming in Co. Galway is one which the grazing of store cattle and sheep must give pride of place to the production of home-grown food.

The risk of loss on tillage farming can be controlled, to some extent, by sowing a variety of crops and by the careful selection of seeds and manures. A collection of kales and cabbages for stock feeding was an interesting feature of the County Committee’s educational exhibit at Ballinasloe Show.

Many of the varieties staged are little known or cultivated in this country, which seems extraordinary when we consider their many advantages.

Thousand-headed Kale, Drumhead, Flat Dutch and Savoy cabbages could supplement, or take the place of, the turnip crop in many districts where disease is prevalent, or where the land is otherwise unsuitable for the growth of roots.

It is only by the adoption of a system of mixed farming where sufficient food is grown for the number of stock on hands that steady prices can be obtained.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

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