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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Enda Cunningham

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A wonderful view of a busy Salthill in the early 1960s, looking west from the top of Seapoint ballroom.

1915

Galway as naval base

Yesterday (Thursday) morning the police at Galway were notified “to hold themselves in readiness” to warn all non-combatants to move inland in the event of an enemy raid on the coast-line.

Our City Reporter states that he is informed on reliable authority that sixteen converted armoured steam trawlers are being sent to Galway as a base from which to guard the coast-line. Possibly Galway will be constituted one of the Irish naval bases.

It is understood that the Admiralty has decided to establish at Galway, for the present at any rate, a base for coastal patrol boats and mine-sweepers. Synchronising as it does with the warning to the population of coast towns, to be prepared to move inland under the directions of the authorities in the case of an enemy raid, the announcement would seem to possess some significance.

During the past month, various Admiralty craft have occasionally been seen in the Bay. It is likely that the City will be used as a supply base.

Already, Lieutenant Holmes, R.N.R., has arrived in Galway, and it is understood that the preliminary arrangements are in his hands.

The possibilities of an invasion are practically negligible. The only military purpose a raid on the West coast of Ireland could serve would be to “draw off” important fighting units of the British Grand Fleet; but before the raid could take place, some German battle cruisers would first have to get clear of the Fleet and minefields, and sail round the north coast of Scotland.

There remains, of course, the possibility of a raid by Taube or Zeppelin. Such a raid on Ireland would be the biggest of the many big blunders that Germany has yet made and it is most unlikely that a madcap enterprise of the kind will ever be undertaken against this country.

1940

Curse of modern life

“The curse of modern life is a long engagement before marriage. Sometimes the girl is brought to ruin and destruction, and frequently she is jilted for some younger and more attractive person.”

This statement was made by Very Rev. Canon Davis, P.P., St. Joseph’s (Rahoon), Galway, during the course of a sermon delivered at Mass on Sunday.

Speaking on the importance of marriage, Very Rev. Canon Davis said: “In other countries, Italy, France and German, so important is the regard for population that marriage has been subsidised by the State and a remedy must also be found in this country. The wealth of any country is its population, and the empty cradle is the curse of our State at the present time.”

The Home Front

Editorial

The advice of Mr. Patrick Hogan, the late Minister for Agriculture, never applied to this country with such force as it does to-day. Mr. Hogan was never tired of giving the farmers of Ireland, of whose troubles and difficulties he had practical experience, the advice to have “one more cow, one more sow and one more acre under the plough”.

By this means the wealth of the country could be increased in the most immediate and effective way, the standard of life of the farming community raised, and our self-dependence rendered almost impregnable.

What is the economic position of Eire to-day? Have we sufficient feeding stuffs to carry us through the period of a prolonged war? Can we obtain seeds to grow more crops in the season that lies ahead?

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

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on

High fashion at the Athenry Show on September 2, 1972.

1921

Careless farmers

The unfavourable spring and summer of 19230 were not altogether accountable for the partial failure of last season’s potato crop. Planting was deferred until three or four weeks after the usual time, and the spraying of the crop was very carelessly carried out.

Not more than half the usual quantities of spraying materials were sold last year in County Galway. The wagon loads of potatoes which County Galway consumers were obliged to get from other parts of Ireland to go to prove the care and attention taken from growers in other counties.

To meet the increased cost of labour and manures farmers must grow heavier crops, and avoid risks as far as possible. To do so, spraying must be carried out efficiently.

County Galway, with 24,000 Irish acres of potatoes, is the second county in Ireland in respect of area. The total yield in 1920 was about 100,000 tons below that of an average year, which was a serious loss to the farmers and a hardship on the townspeople.

We hope that the lesson of 1920 will not be forgotten, and that farmers will this year spray in time and thoroughly.

One of the farmer’s chief difficulties is keeping of his crops free from weeds. Unfortunately in this important matter some of our farmers are rather careless. They do not realises – probably through lack of education in the matter – that where a crop is allowed to get weedy, the material resources of the land are being doubly taxed, and the crop which it is intended to grow cannot be a viable, much less a financial success.

The farmer has no power over some of the circumstances which determine the success or failure of a crop, and it is, therefore, a short-sighted policy for him not to use every means in his power to check weeds over which he has complete control.

Our attention has been directed to this matter by the number of cornfields in some districts, which are covered with the weed well-known to farmers as “Baráiste”.

We cannot estimate the extent of the damage caused year after year to our corn crops, but it must be very considerable. The yield of gran is greatly reduced, and the quality seriously impaired.

Modern science has given us a simple, effective, remedy involving little labour. This remedy has been used successfully for some years past by the best of our farmers, but we deeply regret the lack of enthusiasm displayed by many of our tillers in connection with the destruction of this objectionable weed.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

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on

Galway Sheep Breeders 49th Annual Show at Athenry Mart on September 21, 1972.

1921

Village halls

Young men and women of the present day expect and obtain more time for recreation than their parents. The monotony of young lives in the country districts leads to a desire to leave comfortable homes for the towns, or to emigrate.

In this work of reconstruction, which we hope will not long be delayed every means by which the young people can be induced to remain on the land must be considered.

Village halls can be made to play an important part in this respect by providing facilities for recreation and enabling those with progressive tendencies to continue with their reading and education after leaving the national schools.

To encourage a taste for reading and the acquirement of useful knowledge, every hall should be provided with a small library containing a selection of suitable books. The erection and equipment of such halls should not be left to voluntary effort, but should be looked upon as a national duty for which public money ought to be provided, and for which the country would be repaid in an enlightened, industrious and efficient rural population.

Custom House attacked

A large force of armed men raided the Custom House, Dublin, at one point on Wednesday, held up the staff and set fire to the building, which was completely destroyed. Yesterday morning the flames could be seen issuing from the surrounds.

The many Government departments in the building included the offices of the Local Government Board, Customs and Excise, Inland Revenue, the Old Age Pensions, and their valuable documents have been reduced to ashes.

From the housetops and the streets of Dublin on Wednesday afternoon, thousands witnessed the aftermath of one of the most serious assaults made by the I.R.A. upon the institutions of the Crown – the burning of the famous Custom House.

Following the burning, nearly a score were killed or wounded in a battle between the I.R.A. and R.I.C. Auxiliaries of the F and Q Companies.

The building was so badly devastated that to-day only the walls and a portion of the Local Government Board Office are still standing.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

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The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

Stephen Corrigan

Published

on

Crowds gather for the opening of St Cuan's Secondary School in Castlelakeney on September 4, 1971.

1921

Timber lands

Anticipating an industrial and agricultural development of Ireland in the future, one wonders where our supplies of timber are to come from.

No doubt foreign countries could supply the need, but why not develop our own resources, and make ourselves self-supporting in this respect?

In recent years, the country has practically been denuded of ripe woods, and nothing, on a comprehensible scale, has been done to replace them if we except the small shelter belts that may be seen growing successfully in many districts.

Farmers who have furnished their new homes in this way have taken advantage of the existing forestry scheme of the committee of agriculture, but we understand that owing to the lack of funds it is impossible to launch and adequate scheme. We can picture under more favourable conditions large tracks of waste lands being purchased and planted with trees, which in time will provide a very valuable asset to the country.

The subject is so important that in at least three or four counties a special rate has been struck. We were glad to see that the Galway County Council arranged to discuss the matter during the year, but owing to other pressing subjects, no progress could be made for the present. We look with hope to the reappearing of this subject in the near future, and to seeing much of the waste lands of the country planted in our time.

Election as expected

The elections for the Parliament of “Southern” Ireland have turned out exactly as every intelligent observer in Ireland had anticipated.

There have been no contests. Accordingly, the Republicans have swept all before them without opposition, and out of the 128 seats in “Southern” Ireland, they now hold 124 – the four members for Trinity College being the sole objection.

Yet those who make presence to wisdom, knowledge and understanding of Ireland, were making preparations for the “Southern” Parliament. Nothing has indicated the wide gulf which separates them from the actualities of to-day so much as these elections.

This week-end the contests for the six counties that are to govern by the North-Eastern Parliament, will take place, and it is anticipated that the result will come as a surprise to many, for it will be found that the Ulster of Sir Edward Carson’s brand is by no means the homogenous community the world has long been led to believe it is.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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