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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Pat and Marie Conneely of Canal Road, Galway, pictured at the Industrial Training Authority (AnCo) Children's Christmas Party at the Galway Industrial Estate in 1970.

1914

Galwaymen for the Front

Out of the 2,000 constables of the R.I.C. who have volunteered for active service, the War Office have decided to accept only 200 picked men. Nearly all of these men will serve with the Irish Guards. It is interesting to note that two men have been selected from Galway City, whose names are Constable James Bracken, of Dominick Street, and Const. Kelleher, Eglinton Street.

The former has gone on leave, and, with his comrade, will proceed to London on the 27th Dec. Both these men are well-known in the city, and their patriotic action as a matter for pride, not alone to the force of which they have been conspicuously able officers, but to their many civilian friends.

During the week, Mr. Charles G. Blake, T.C., Tuam, left for Englan, to join the Sportsmen’s Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers, in which he has enlisted as a private. Mr. M.F. Burke, cashier, Bank of Ireland, has also joined as a private in the new Army and left for Mullingar on the same day.

Flag Day

The project set on foot by Lady Clonbrock to supply a motor ambulance for the Connaught Rangers at the Front, took a practical garb during the week. Miss Pearse organised a Flag Day in the city on Tuesday.

Upwards of sixty lady collectors, preceded by the Galway Industrial School Bank, paraded the principal streets and the Square.

1939

Listening to War news

Mr. W.P. Cahill, D.J., imposed a fine of 20s., but did not endorse the licence, in a summons for a breach of the licensing regulations against Mr. McCullagh, a publican in Ahascragh.

Sergeant Howard gave evidence of visiting the premises on November 11 at 11pm, and finding a number of men on the premises.

Pleading guilty to the charge, Mr. P.C. Sweeney, solr., said the men were there listening to the war news on the wireless. The people who were there were from the country around were all anxious to hear how the war was going and they were all gathered around the wireless set when the sergeant called in.

Some of the people in the district had relatives in France, and all were enthusiastic followers of the war news.

Some of them might have had a drink before this, but Mr. McCullagh said they were all admitted before closing time.

“War or no war, Mr. McCullagh says that he will in future take such precautions that this will not recur,” said Mr Sweeney.

The Justice imposed the fine of 20s., and imposed a fine of 2s. 6d. on all the men found on the premises for whom there was no appearance.

Poteen seizure

Sergeant Sullivan and Gardaí Tierney, Walsh and McDonagh, from Inverin station, made a lightning raid on an island on Gleanicmurrin lake last week and found an illicit still just about to go into action.

The still had been placed on a newly-lighted fire and everything was ready for a little ‘run’. The Gardaí captured seven hundred gallons of wash, in addition to the complete distilling apparatus.

Oughterard Gardaí are also ensuring that the mountain dew will be a scarce commodity this Christmas, and several seizures were made in the area during the week.

Christmas shopping

There was little or no sign of the coming Christmas festival in Galway until Wednesday, when thousands of country people flocked into the city to attend the first of the Christmas markets and also to do their advance shopping.

The market was the biggest seen in Galway for a number of years. From early morning, buses, motor cars and horses and carts arrived in the city.

Although slow to start, business was brisk, and thousands of geese and turkeys were bought up. Turkeys were sold in the earlier part of the day for 1s. 2d. per lb., an increase of 2d. on the price obtained this time last year. There were many more geese than turkeys on offer, and these were sold for 5s., 7s. and 8s., according to size.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

 

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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At the official opening of the new tile factory in Portumna on January 13, 1967.

1921

Tenants’ desperation

That the land question is far from settled in certain areas is obvious to those who have been reading the series of articles contributed to these columns by a correspondent in South Galway. The slowness of the Congested Districts Board has been proverbial.

Our correspondent suggests that failure to effect local settlements within a reasonable time, coupled with the inefficiency he charges, have brought about a condition of discontent which may result in a violent explosion at any moment.

No one could contemplate with equanimity such an outburst, for it might have an effect far beyond that intended and might endanger national peace at a period when its preservation is of supreme moment to the Irish people.

But it would seem indisputable that the Congested Districts Board is taking risks that no public body is entitled to take; and the completion of the division of the estates involved should be pushed forward in the public interest without further unnecessary delay.

The tenants on the Ardilaun estate at Cong have already taken the matter into their own hands. At a meeting attended by congests, some of whom walked fifteen miles to be present, it was declared that all confidence had been lost in the Congested Districts Board “which has long since practically ceased to function on this estate” and the tenants requested Dáil Éireann to take over the administration.

The facts in regard to the Ardilaun property are sufficiently remarkable to afford in themselves a damnatory criticism of the Board’s methods. It contains seven hundred householders, whose average valuation is from 15s. to £3. Congestion and poverty is abound; there is little untenanted land to relieve either.

Migration of bodies of tenants is the only real and permanent remedy. But nine years after the late Lord Ardilaun expressed his desire to sell, the Congested Districts Board has not, it would appear, put forward any real effort to relieve a distressing situation.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Prizewinners at Ballinasloe Show on October 5, 1970. From left: Matthew Conneely, Kilconnell, Matthew Conneely (Junior), John Callanan, Calla, Kilconnell and Seán Conneely, Kilconnell.

1921

Grim legacy

“What did we get from the Government in the Famine?” asked the Most Rev. Dr. Duggan. And the answer was, “The Poorhouses.” They came as a legacy of these grim years, a miserable palliative instead of a radical cure.

When 1845 opened, there were 114 of them throughout Ireland, and impoverished ratepayers had to pay for their upkeep. Their erection was, indeed, in some measure, instituted as a relief work.

The famine had swept over the land, leaving us the most tragic chapters in our history. Grim, black death in a country where there was plenty, if only it had been efficiently distributed, and kept for the hapless people at home.

The Irish Poor Law was rooted in misery, and continued throughout all these years as a cumbersome degradation, designed for the encouragement of the mendicant and the wastrel, to crush the last vestige of self-respect from those whom it once caught within its toils.

With the exception of the admirable boarding-out systems instituted by some of our more humane boards – notably Galway Guardians, whose clerk took a keen personal interest in making some of his charges into good citizens – we know no instance in which the vicious Poor Laws as operated in Ireland did anything but harm.

They ground down the ratepayers; they did not serve the poor in any measure commensurate with the expenditure involved in an army of officials, an array of buildings that badged with poverty one of the finest agricultural countries in the world.

Unions amalgamated

On the motion of Dr. Walsh, Galway Co. Council at its quarterly meeting on Saturday finally adopted a scheme for “the amalgamation of the county unions” – in reality, for doing away with the unions altogether as such.

The scheme under which the Poor Laws of the country will be administered on an entirely new basis, will be as follows: One central hospital for Galway with motor ambulances; one central home for the old and infirm in Tuam or Loughrea; children to be sent to an institution for which one workhouse may be used; unmarried mothers to be divided into two classes – first offenders to be dealt with in the same institution as the children and old offenders to be sent to the Magdalen Asylum; insane and epileptics to be put in a county home at present until they can be specially dealt with.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

 

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Some of the competitors show their prize-winning cakes and bread at Mountbellew Show on September 10, 1964.

1921

Tragedy and sorrow

Last winter was one of the blackest that Ireland has experienced in her long and chequered history. Men of sincere goodwill in all parties hope that we shall never witness its like again.

It has left the inevitable aftermath of tragedy, sorrow, suffering and present distress. It is the duty of all to help soften the bitterness of tragedy and sorrow, to alleviate suffering, to obviate present or future distress.

In the performance of this duty, no prejudice, no argument, no excuse can hold back the hand of charity, for it is a duty dictated by the laws of Christianity, sanctified by the kinship of common humanity since the world began.

“The White Cross”, we are told in the report of the delegation from the American Committee on Irish Relief, “makes appeal not in the name of any section of the people, but in the name of humanity. No political distinctions exist in suffering, and none must exist in relief. The men and women who constitute the Irish White Cross think differently on many thinks; they are united by the bond of charity”.

Risky business

We have, this year, a striking example of what a risky business our store cattle and sheep trade is. Many of our small farmers and farmers’ sons who have taken grazing during the past year or two have lost not only their savings of the war years but some of their capital.

The system most likely to give stability to farming in Co. Galway is one which the grazing of store cattle and sheep must give pride of place to the production of home-grown food.

The risk of loss on tillage farming can be controlled, to some extent, by sowing a variety of crops and by the careful selection of seeds and manures. A collection of kales and cabbages for stock feeding was an interesting feature of the County Committee’s educational exhibit at Ballinasloe Show.

Many of the varieties staged are little known or cultivated in this country, which seems extraordinary when we consider their many advantages.

Thousand-headed Kale, Drumhead, Flat Dutch and Savoy cabbages could supplement, or take the place of, the turnip crop in many districts where disease is prevalent, or where the land is otherwise unsuitable for the growth of roots.

It is only by the adoption of a system of mixed farming where sufficient food is grown for the number of stock on hands that steady prices can be obtained.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

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