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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Fortune reader Gypsy Lee at Ballinsloe Fair in 1996.

1915

Street hurlers

At the City Petty Sessions, before Mr. Joseph Kilbride, R.M., and Sir James O’Donohoe, three young men named Griffin, King and O’Connor were summoned for hurling on the street.

A boy named Patrick Griffin, who stated that he was employed at the boot repairing shop of Mr. MacCarthy, Market-street, gave evidence of having seen the defendants play hurley.

Cross-examined by Mr Nicholls (defending solr.): Did you actually see Patrick O’Connor hurling there and hitting the ball? – I did.

Did you see the others on the same evening? – I did.

Were they walking out to practice at the time and hitting the ball before them? – I could not swear, they were hitting the ball from one to the other on the street.

Do you know anything about hurling? – No.

You have heard the kind of game it is? Must you not have a goal at each end before you can have hurling? – Certainly.

Were there any goals on the street at that time? – No.

And must you not have fifteen men on each side? – I am not well up in the game, but I think so.

Mr. Nicholls submitted that the case must fail because the defendants were charged with playing a game of hurley on the street, but that could not be so since they had no goals up, and had not fifteen men aside.

The Head-Constable asked that the full penalty of 10s be inflicted on the defendants, as complaints had been made as to the practice. He asked Mr. Nicholls what was the weight of a hurley ball.

Mr. Nicholls: It is not for me to tell you.

Head-Constable: I thought you knew a lot about the game of hurling?

Mr. Nicholls: And so I do (laughter).

The Chairman, replying to Mr. Nicholls, said the defendants might not be playing a hurling match, but they could be playing hurling. Each of the defendants was fined 2s. 6d.

1940

Lemonade prosecution

Stated to be the first case of the kind brought in Galway, Martin McIntyre, Upper Bohermore, was fined £1 (without expenses) by District Justice Mac Giollarnath for “unlawfully keeping a refreshment house without being licensed contrary to Section 9 of the Refreshment House and Wine Licences (Ireland) Act, 1860.

John Kelly said that in April last, he was attached to the Customs at Galway. On the 18th of that month, he visited the defendant’s premises, a small shop, at approximately 10.15pm, and called for a bottle of lemonade, paid for it and consumed it on the premises.

He asked the proprietor if he had a refreshment house licence, and he said that he was not aware he had to have one.

Cross-examined by Mr. O’Donnell (solr.), the witness said that he believed this was the first case of its kind to be brought in Galway. There was no entertainment provided on the premises.

Mr. O’Donnell held that the case would be decided on the interpretation which would be put on the word ‘Entertainment’. A lot depended on the case because it would come as a great surprise to many people to find out that they had to pay revenue in certain circumstances to sell lemonade.

He asked the Justice not to impose any penalty until they got in touch with the Revenue Commissioners. This shop had since been closed.

Unprecedented drought

Many rivers in County Galway have reached their lowest level within living memory, water supplies are being anxiously watched, and in many districts, water in barrels is being carried for miles and cattle driven long distances to drink, following a summer of almost unprecedented drought.

The real gravity of the situation was disclosed at the monthly meeting of the Galway County Board of Health, where it was stated that ‘six months’ continuous rain would be wanted in many areas.

The meeting had before it a letter received from the County Secretary, Mr. C.I. O Floinn, urging the necessity of making alternative arrangements for pumping water in cases where pumps are at present operated by electricity from the Shannon scheme, so that in the event of a breakdown of existing electricity supplies, the continuity of water supplies may not be affected.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Three boys catching up on their reading at the Galway Races in Ballybrit on July 28, 1988. Photo: Joe O'Shaughnessy

1921

Impure milk

Impure and dirty milk supplies do a serious injury to our population. Milk is, perhaps, the most important part of the diet of our infants, who will some day have to take their part in the work of the nation.

It is our duty to see that all forms of disease, which are likely to weaken the race by sapping its vitality, should be vigorously battled with. No form of food is so susceptible to contamination as milk, for it is a natural and complete food substance which is eminently suited to the growth of all kinds of disease germs, especially the dreaded germ which is the cause of consumption.

Unfortunately, a large percentage of our milch cows suffer from tuberculosis. The disease may not be apparent to the eye but can be easily detected by the veterinary surgeon by means of the “tuberculin test”. Milk from these cows often contains germs of the consumption which is causing such havoc and misery in Ireland.

Something must be done by public bodies to insist on the testing of suspected cows, and the frequent sampling and testing of public milk supplies. Educational authorities should urge farmers to take a personal interest in the matter and stamp out disease by keeping cowsheds sanitary and paying strict attention to cleanliness of milking.

It must be brought home to the farmer that it is his duty to produce an article which is acceptable to the public by being pure, of high quality, and free from the germs of infectious disease. It is only by working on these lines that the farmer can hope to gain the confidence of the consumer.

Races weather

Nothing is more necessary to the complete success of the Galway meeting next Wednesday and Thursday than the rainfall which is pretty general all over Ireland at present.

I learn from a reliable source that Galway is getting its quota and that the course is in good condition. This is all necessary to induce owners and trainers to send on horses, and I have no fear that runners will be plentiful on both days.

Writing as a metropolitan, I can safely predict a great attendance – one can only wish he could predict other things so surely. On all sides one hears the questions, “Are you going to Galway? Have you booked your room” and a reference to “the fun of the fair,” otherwise the Bazaar, nearly always follows.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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A man lies on a bed of nails at the opening of Galway Shopping Centre, Headford Road, on October 26, 1972

1921

Silence is golden

Leaders on both sides have stated that the best assistance the country can give in the making of peace is to keep silence.

During the past week there has been a great deal of speculation, most of it harmless enough, as, for instance, the enterprising American journalist’s “exclusive” on the first meeting of the British Premier and the President of the Irish Republic; much of it positively mischievous, as the case of the efforts of a certain journal, which has grown hoary in the reputation for throwing in the apple of discord, to anticipate failure in advance.

Our American colleague was on surer and on safer ground when he told of how de Valera and Lloyd George met.

“Mr. Lloyd George,” he cabled, “was sitting at his desk when the Irish President entered. For just a minute these two gazed fixedly at one another. Then the British Premier walked across the intervening space and shook de Valera by the hand. He led him to a seat where they sat side by side. The atmosphere was tense. They faced one another. Then Lloyd George reached down for a box of cigars. But the Irish President is of Spartan mould. He neither permits himself to drink nor smoke. He politely but firmly waved the box away. Mr. Lloyd George, however, selected and lighted a Havana, and as the smoke curled upwards the atmosphere became decidedly easier!”

Good planning

The wise and practical man always lays by a store against the time when supplies will be scarce. One of the most serious effects of the prolonged drought is the scarcity of supplies of fodder for cattle-feeding during the coming winter and spring.

The hay crop is not more than half the average yield. The corn crop is far below normal. Turnips in many districts are a partial failure. We have frequently emphasised the importance of growing catch-crops to supplement other feeding stuffs raised on the farm, but it is only under circumstances such as the present that their utility is brought home to farmers. Owing to the early harvest, a larger area than is usual can and should be put down this season. This would make good, to some extent, at least, the shortage of hay and other feeding-stuffs.

The demonstration plots laid down by the County Committee of Agriculture have shown that catch-crops, such as vetches and rye as well as other mixtures, can be successfully grown in all parts of County Galway.

We would urge on farmers the desirability – nay, the necessity – of procuring seed and making early preparation for the sowing of an increased area of catch-crops this season.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

 

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Galway in Days Gone By

Galway In Days Gone By

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Children dancing at the Clonbur Festival on July 5, 1980. An article in the Tribune at the time detailed how this was the fourth such festival with events covering set dancing, figure dancing, art, fishing and an old-time waltz competition.

1921

Peace at last

Hope “hath happy place” in this land of ours to-day. Those who disappoint it are the enemies not only of Ireland, but of civilisation. Before proceeding to the preliminary conference with Mr. Lloyd George at 10, Downing-street, yesterday afternoon, Mr. de Valera said that he thought the outlook for peace both from the British and Irish points of view was better than it had ever been in history.

The Irish leader would not make this statement unless he had good grounds for it. We may accept it as the confident prediction of one who has proceeded with extreme caution throughout these momentous negotiations.

Yet patient confidence in ultimate justice and patient endurance for a little are needed. There are those who would, if they could, thwart the coming of peace, but they will be borne aside by the widening will to peace, and the larger outlook that the coming of the Truce has brought.

The agony of these days that are past, as we hope for ever, is like a nightmare. Only last week, the pages of the “Tribune” told of the trials and tribulations through which the mothers and sisters of County Galway had gone. The stories related at the Quarter Sessions afforded some index of the hell of ceaseless apprehension and the dread which the women and children have had to bear for many months.

It would seem as if there could be no requital for their sorrows upon this earth. But there is sometimes a balance of justice in human affairs. To-day, as Ireland hopes and prays, this balance is about to be meted out as a common national inheritance.

The Truce has been observed in the spirit of mutual forbearance, good-will and generosity. One can conceive that the horrible conditions of the past nine months will ever be recalled. Indeed, there is no person who would desire or contrive at such an eventuality. Its very contemplation makes us fearful of the outcome of these fateful conferences.

For more, read this week’s Connacht Tribune.

Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App

Download the Connacht Tribune Digital Edition App to access to Galway’s best-selling newspaper.

Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Or purchase the Digital Edition for PC, Mac or Laptop from Pagesuite  HERE.

Get the Connacht Tribune Live app
The Connacht Tribune Live app is the home of everything that is happening in Galway City and county. It’s completely FREE and features all the latest news, sport and information on what’s on in your area. Click HERE to download it for iPhone and iPad from Apple’s App Store, or HERE to get the Android Version from Google Play.

Continue Reading

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